Research Finding

Welfare and Poverty Impacts

In this note, the authors find that in the short-term, participants’ caloric and protein intakes increased, indicating that one of the most important immediate effects of MGNREGS employment is an improvement in participants’ food security and nutrition. Medium-term effects, on the other hand, seem to center around more generalized investments, particularly the accumulation of land. Overall, participants from the scheduled castes and tribes, as well as those who rely on casual labor, benefit most from MGNREGS employment. They also do not find evidence that the MGNREGS program discourages other forms of employment, as has been suggested by the program’s critics. In fact, they find that in Andhra Pradesh, increased expenditures on the MGNREGS program translate almost directly into an increase in additional employment opportunities.

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